Mark T. Phelan
- Doctoral Candidate
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
A philosophical bias towards fact-stating—or propositional—language has led to two kinds of accounts of metaphor. One camp maintains that metaphors are not essentially propositional, so not a proper topic for philosophical theories of language. Another tries to save metaphor by assimilating it to philosophically standard propositional language. This dissertation argues that both approaches have resulted in theories that ignore important aspects of metaphorical discourse. It emphasize that what makes metaphor special is a unique relation between its propositional and non-essentially propositional aspects. An understanding of an author's intention to entertain and a hearer's process of understanding entertaining metaphors is central to this account.