The humanities comprise those fields of knowledge and learning concerned with human thought, experience, and creativity. By exploring the foundations of aesthetic, ethical, and cultural values and the ways in which they may endure, be challenged, or transformed, humanists help us appreciate and understand what distinguishes us as human beings as well as what unites us. Humanists study many different subjects, such as history, languages and literatures, philosophy, art history, and religion. The list of learned societies that ACLS represents indicates the great reach and variety of humanistic scholarship. As this roster of 79 societies suggests, humanistic inquiry is not limited to particular departments or fields but encompasses all areas of research and learning that ask fundamental questions about the way individuals and societies live, think, interact, and express themselves. Accordingly, the humanities may include work in such fields as sociology, psychology, and anthropology. The humanities, like the sciences, involve the analysis and interpretation of evidence, but their subject matter concerns those aspects of the human condition that are not necessarily quantifiable or open to experiment. The results of humanists’ scholarship may be as esoteric as a highly theoretical, scholarly book or article or as practical as a dictionary, thesaurus, website, or encyclopedia.
The humanities and humanistic social sciences are fundamentally acts of investigation and reflection about different cultures, texts, and artifacts across space and time. Humanists study the diverse means by which human beings in every age and culture explore, understand, and change their world. The humanities enable us to think about and think through the issues that confront us as global citizens of the twenty-first century. As ACLS President Pauline Yu notes, the humanities “provide the means for understanding and appreciating other cultures through studying the language, arts, religion, philosophy, history, and social life of peoples . . . in actual conditions of extensive interaction and mutual change. . . . The humanist’s insistence on local knowledge plays a crucial role in concentrating the vision of an otherwise monocular globalizing lens.”
Almost 50 years ago, Howard Mumford Jones, a scholar of English and American literature and chair of the board of ACLS, affirmed the importance of the humanities in this way: “Perhaps nobody knows how to make any human being better, happier, and more capable, but at the very least the humanities, humane learning, and humanistic scholarship help to sustain a universe of thought in which these questions have meaning and in which adults may have the opportunity to work out such problems for themselves.” Today, these questions still have meaning, and the humanities continue to help us with them. Indeed, the record of the humanities is the record of the human capacity not only to survive but also to overcome obstacles to obtaining a deeply rich and satisfying life.
For the purpose of ACLS fellowship and grant competitions, the humanities and interpretive social sciences include but are not limited to American studies; anthropology; archaeology; art history and architectural history; classics; economics; ethnic studies; film and media studies; gender studies; geography; history; languages and literatures; legal studies; linguistics; musicology; philosophy; political science; psychology; religious studies; rhetoric and communication; science and technology studies; sociology; and theater, dance, and performance studies.
However, proposals in the social science fields listed above are eligible only if they employ predominantly humanistic approaches and qualitative/interpretive methodologies (e.g., economic history, law and literature, political philosophy, history of psychology). Proposals in interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary humanities and related social sciences are welcome, and most programs do not restrict the focus of research to any geographic region or to any cultural or linguistic group of study.
Most learned societies are independent, not-for-profit organizations that function as the professional organization for their members, serving as a forum to discuss issues of interest to their constituents and setting professional and scholarly standards. Accordingly, many societies are deeply involved in such issues as employment, professional ethics, and scholarly communication as well as intellectual concerns relevant to the disciplines or areas of the fields of study they represent. Most scholarly societies have open membership, including all who are interested and engaged in their mission and subject. Learned societies have been vitally important in setting standards of excellence in research, writing, and education.
Learned societies are dedicated to publishing work in their disciplines or areas of study. They hold regular conferences, events, and webinars at which members present and discuss their current research. Societies publish newsletters, magazines, blogs, and academic journals. These journals usually operate under the system of peer review. Through this process, scholars collectively help establish a reliable body of research and knowledge. In addition, learned societies often award prizes for scholarship in their field of expertise.
Peer review is a process by which experts in a given discipline or group of disciplines confirm the value of another scholar’s research and attest to its having met the field’s standards. Through peer review, scholars collectively help establish a reliable body of knowledge. ACLS fellows and grantees are selected through this process. In this way, ACLS contributes to academic self-governance and establishes standards of excellence in scholarship, two goals that help define our endeavors and those of our societies.
The purpose of the Council, as set forth in its constitution, is “the advancement of humanistic studies in all fields of learning in the humanities and the social sciences and the maintenance and strengthening of relations among the national societies devoted to such studies.” ACLS member societies pay dues based on the number of individual members, ranging from $990 for societies with under 1,000 members to $9,900 for societies with over 20,000 members.
Applications for membership undergo a multi-stage review process based upon the society’s ability to make a “substantial, distinctive, and distinguished contribution” to ACLS’s mission of advancing humanistic scholarship. Applications are considered first by the Committee on Admissions, composed of members of the Executive Committee of the Delegates, and then may be advanced to the ACLS Board of Directors and then to the Council for a vote at the annual meeting.
If you are interested in applying for ACLS membership, read the ACLS Policy Statement on Admission of New Constituent Societies and contact Sandra Bradley.
Applications must be received by September 1.