From Pan-Africanism to Neo-Liberalism: Oscar Kambona and the Networks of Nationalism and Exile


Charles A. Ryskamp Research Fellowships




This project uses a biographical method to examine the history of transnational political networks that comprised and unraveled postcolonial pan-Africanism, and created adherents of neo-liberalism. This project examines the life of Oscar Kambona (1928-97), Tanzania’s Foreign Minister and Chairman of the Organization of African Unity’s Africa Liberation Committee until he fled to exile in 1967, to tell two stories: first, how attempts by African states to extinguish political opposition created dangerous networks of political exiles across capital cities of Africa and Europe; and second, how the politics of liberalization that now predominate across the continent were first crafted as the language of opposition networks.