3D Saqqara: Reconstructing Landscape and Meaning at an Ancient Egyptian Site


ACLS Digital Innovation Fellowships


Near Eastern Languages and Cultures


The integration of GIS and 3D modeling now allows for the recreation and visualization of entire ancient landscapes. 3D Saqqara uses these new digital capabilities to create a truly four-dimensional investigation of the important cemetery of Saqqara, Egypt, an ancient cult and burial place neighboring the capital city Memphis. By simulating the original built and natural landscape of the site, the project explores the visual environment that shaped (and was in turn shaped by) the experience and choices of ancient peoples. Through the recreation of lines of sight between important cult places, 3D Saqqara specifically traces how decisions over time at the cemetery and surrounding sites transformed the meaning of these spaces and altered ancient peoples’ perception of the ritual landscape.