A Search for Belonging: Migrations of Bosnian Muslims in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries and Responses of the Islamic Scholars


Summer Institute for the Study of East Central and Southeastern Europe


Department of Legal History and Comparative Law


The end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries were marked by continued migration of Muslim populations from the Balkans region, which is a consequence of the disintegration of the Ottoman state and the rise of nationalism. According to the official statistics, in the period from 1878 to 1918, a total of 1.5 million Muslims left the Balkans, while 100,000 Muslims left Bosnia during the Austro-Hungarian rule. In this research, by placing the experience of Bosnian Muslims and their reactions to migrations in a comparative perspective with the other Balkan states, including Bulgaria, "A Search for Belonging" tries to ascertain the extent to which the experience of Bosnian Muslims may be considered as a part of Balkan Muslims’ migrations, and what is specific to the Bosnian Muslims’ context.