The Varieties of Counterrevolutionary Experience: An Intellectual History from the English Civil War to the Bush Administration


ACLS Fellowship Program


Political Science


This project examines the leading ideas and intellectuals of counterrevolutions across time. Drawing from seven episodes of US and European history, it focuses on the following themes: how counterrevolutionaries view the old regime they claim to be defending as a greater threat than the revolution they are opposing; how they learn from the revolution they mobilize against; how they use racism, empire, and war to reconcile their hostility to equality and commitment to the mass; and how, once they defeat the revolution, they experience a sense of loss for the enemy that is no more. The first sustained inquiry into counterrevolutions from the seventeenth century through today, this project is intended as a counterpart to Hannah Arendt's classic study, On Revolution.