Adetayo Oludare Alade F'18

Adetayo Oludare Alade
Lecturer II
Department of Philosophy
Obafemi Awolowo University
last updated: 8/8/2018

African Humanities Program Dissertation Fellowships 2018
Lecturer II
Department: Department of Philosophy
Obafemi Awolowo University
A Defence of Realism on the Ontological Foundation for Fictional Reference

The debate on the existence of fictional entities has a long history in Metaphysics and Philosophy of Language. On one hand, fictional antirealists align with commonsense intuitions to argue that fictional entities do not exist because their existence is not necessary to account for the truth of propositions in fictional discourse. On another hand, fictional realists maintain that fictional entities exist because realist semantics is required to account for the truth of propositions in fictional discourse. Most of the arguments proposed in this debate have focused on deriving ontological commitments from the meaningfulness of language, thus presupposing a wrong relation between language and ontology. This study argues for a dual role of language in ontology. The study also argues for a plausible metaphysical approach to the question of existence, thus proposing a criterion for existence which shows that fictional entities exist as independent abstract entities.